Along the lines of the general theme of the 25th International Congress on the History of Science and Technology (ICHST), hold in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 23 to 29 July 2017, the IGU & IUHPST Commission on the History of Geography organised two symposia, both attended by many participants: “Critical, radical and postcolonial geographies and cartographies from early approaches to present-day debates”,  with 4 Sessions and 13 papers presented, and “Geography as an international science: historical perspectives and present challenges”, with 5 Sessions and  19 Papers presented. In occasion of the International Congress, the Business Meeting of the IGU Commission History of Geography, chaired by Marcella Schmidt di Friedberg, and the  Business Meeting IGU Sesquicentennial/Centennial Task Force, chaired by Bruno Schelhaas, took place on Tuesday 25th. Below the full program of the two symposia:

Symposium 1

S-5: Critical, radical and postcolonial geographies and cartographies from

early approaches to present-day debates

Session 1, Thursday 27 July, 09:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Session chair: Perla Zusman

  1. Geography, Anarchism and Republicanism: Elisée Reclus studying Brazil (1862-1905) – Federico

Ferretti (University College Dublin)

  1. Territories of Solidarity: The sociability of mutual aid in both time and space – Amir El Hakim de

Paula (UNESP)

  1. The origins of Critical Geography in Latin America – Maria Verónica Ibarra

García (UNAM), Alejandra Peñas García (Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua), Edgar

Talledos (Colegio de San Luis)

Session 2, Thursday, 27 July, 10:45 a.m.-12:15 p.m.

Session chair: Marcella Schmidt di Friedberg

  1. 4. Pacifying the border. Violence, conflicts and peace arguments in border regions during demarcation

processes in 19th century Iberian Peninsula – Paloma Puente Lozano (Carlos III University of

Madrid (Spain)), Jacobo García-Álvarez (Carlos III University of Madrid)

  1. 5. Jaime Cortesão and the Indigenous knowledge in the exploration of Brazilian Territory: Hidden

Postcolonial Geographies? – André Reyes Novaes (State University of Rio de Janeiro)

  1. 6. Resonances of the Treaty of Madrid (1750) and San Ildefonso (1777) in the readings on the

formation of the territory of Argentina and Brazil. – Perla Zusman (Conicet/University of Buenos

Aires), Sergio Nunes Pereira (Federal Fluminense University

Session 3, Thursday, 27 July, 3:30-5:00 p.m.

Session chair: Federico Ferretti

  1. 7. LA RÉUNION DANS LES ATLAS COLONIAUX (1821-1939) Une autobiographie nationale –

Christian Germanaz (Université de La Réunion)

  1. 8. Speeches and maps around the warer problematic – Rogata Soares Del Gaudio (UFMG), Eliano de Souza Martins Freitas, Doralice Barros Pereira
  2. 9. Controversial cartographies: science, technique and ideology in forest cartography (Chile) -Enrique Aliste (University of Chile)
  3. 10. Drone images and geographical imaginations – Verónica Hollman (CONICET/University of Buenos Aires)

Session 4, Thursday, 27 July, 5:15-6:45 p.m.

Session chair: André Novaes

  1. Une ouverture sur le monde… et sur soi-même : l’inégale couverture spatiale de Geo et de National

Geographic magazine – Guilhem Labinal (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

  1. “Unsinkable aircraft carriers”: Chagos and the Maldives – Marcella Schmidt di

Friedberg (University of Milano-Bicocca), Stefano Malatesta (University of Milano-Bicocca,


  1. After the Excitement of War: The Situation of Sick and Wounded Soldiers (Invalids) in Japanese Modern Society – Akio Onjo (Kiushu University 

Symposium 2

S-6: Geography as an international science: historical perspectives and present challenges

Session 1, Moday 24/07, 09:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Chair: JeanYves Puyo

  1. Desmarest’s physical geography article in the Encyclopedia of Diderot and D’Alembert:

a preliminary approach (Alexandre Henrique da Silva dos Santos, Manoel Fernandes de Sousa


  1. Holistic Geography and German Idealism: A Study of the “Wahlverwandtschaften”

Alexander von Humboldt’s and Carl Ritter’s (Leonardo Arantes)

  1. Brazil: a semi-colonial space for French geography? The case of Pierre Monbeig and

Pierre Deffontaines in the interwar years (Ian Merkel)

  1. Ne pas franchir. La limite Nord/Sud comme outil de domination ? (Pascal Clerc)


Session 2, Monday 24/07, 10:45 – 12:15 a.m.

Chair: Sergio Nunes Pereira

  1. Coopération cartographique internationale et délimitation frontalière : la commission

franco-espagnole Caro-Ornano aux défis du terrain (Pyrénées, 1784–1792) (Jean-Yves Puyo,

Jacobo García-Álvarez)

  1. Qu’est-ce c’est un intellectuel français en mission internationale ? Le cas de la mission

française envoyée au Brésil (1934–1940) (Larissa Alves de Lira)

  1. A map of asymmetric research design – Brazilian-German and Brazilian-French

Geography in the 20th century (Wolf-Dietrich Sahr)

  1. Centres of circulation: academic mobilities and imaginative geographies of academic

conferences in Brazil, 1986–2013 (Christiane Fabíola Momm, Heike Jöns)


Session 3, Monday 24/07, 03:30 – 05:00 p.m.

Chair: Bruno Schelhaas

  1. Personified Continents in Public Places: Art, Internationalism and Geography in Late

Nineteenth Century Paris (Toshiuky Shimazu)

  1. “Our Field is the World”: Geographical Societies in International Comparison, 1821–

1914 (Maximilian Georg)

  1. Geography and the League of Nations International Committee on Intellectual

Cooperation (Michael Heffernan)

  1. Internationalisation and the Cold War: the development of Soviet geography since the

late 1950s (Vladimir Kolossov)


Session 4, Monday 24/07, 05:15 – 06:45 p.m.

Chair: Jacobo García-Álvarez 

  1. Hans Steffen, a Prussian geographer in the Chilean Andes. Circulation of theories,

scientific practices, fieldwork and instruments to reinterpret the legacy of the colonial frontier and

draw the boundary between Argentina and Chile (1889–1914) (Carla Lois)

  1. The Pan-Ibero-Americanist Thought and the Continental Railway and Fluvial

Interconnection Project of Rafael Reyes (1850-1921) (David Ramírez Palacios)

  1. La fabrique de la géographie québécoise en tant qu’école disciplinaire (Sylvain Cuyala,

Mario Bédard)


Session 5, Tuesday 25/07, 09:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Chair: Michael Heffernan

  1. Geography as an international science. Reflections from the IGU Centennial Oral History

Project (Michael S. DeVivo, Jacobo García-Álvarez, Jean-Yves Puyo)

  1. (Re-)Writing the history of IGU? A report from the archive (Bruno Schelhaas, Stephan


  1. How international was the International Congress of International Geographical Union at

1956 in Rio de Janeiro? (Mariana Lamego)

  1. Past and recent impediments to internationalization of the International Geographical

Union (Ron Abler)


Session 6, Tuesday 25/07, 10:45 – 12:15 a.m.

Business Meeting IGU Commission History of Geography

Chair: Marcella Schmidt di Friedberg


Session 7, Tuesday 25/07, 03:30 – 05:00 p.m.

Business Meeting IGU Sesquicentennial/Centennial Task Force

Chair: Bruno Schelhaas