International Geographical Union
Union Géographique International

2012 Annual Report

The International Geographical Union (IGU)

The IGU was founded under the auspices of the International Research Council in 1922 in Brussels, having been conceived some years earlier in Paris. Its debut as a formal, continuing organization was preceded by ten International Geographical Congresses, the first of which was held in Antwerp in 1871. Early congresses addressed such specific topics as the international standardization of the prime meridian for mapping and agreement on the world’s time zones. In later years up to 1922 the congresses became more general in scope, establishing commissions to address salient facets of geography and cartography. The IGU was established as part of the broader organization of international science that occurred in the early decades of the last century. The IGU was a founding member of the International Council for Science (ICSU) and remains an active member of that organization, in addition to its membership in the International Social Science Council (ISSC).

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